“The truth is not for all men, but only for those who seek it”
Krishna. If you are a devout person in India, irrespective of your religion, you are bound to have heard this name. Such is the nature of ‘Krishna’, meaning ‘The all attractive one’. From centuries, people are writing about Him, from the Bhagwat gita written in 300 B.C. to The Krishna Key by Ashwin Sanghi written in 2012. Krishna is a timeless, formless, supreme being who helped get rid of evil whenever the demons reached their peak. Sounds like a good bed-time fairy tale told by your grandmother, doesn’t it? This is because what Krishna did, for that matter who He was, is well beyond the grasp of any mortal human. Krishna, in totality, may be complex to understand but He can be attained in a lot simpler of ways. He can be attained by everyone in their own way – through love or hate, as a friend or foe. Why am I talking about Krishna? He is the embodiment of intellectual and spiritual glory. No other single idea has influenced the course of Hindu religion, philosophy, art and literature. Yogis considered Him the absolute truth, Gopis considered Him the highest object of love, warriors considered Him as a brave hero, Kansa considered Him an object of fear, Narada considered Him the epitome of devotion and Pandavas considered Him a friend. Such is the seemingly complex but simple Krishna. Everything about Him was majestic, including the city He built. Dwarka. Yes, today Dwarka will be our focus.
For understanding the real implications of this discovery, we must go back in time. Way back to the beginning of the end of Dwarka. The year was 3607 B.C. (this was the year of the Mahabharata war, which is scientifically proved in my first blog of this series). Kauravas had waged war against the Pandavas. With Krishna and His crafty tactics on their side, the outnumbered Pandavas managed to defeat Kauravas. King Dhritarashtra had to see all his sons die in front of his eyes. It was fate reminding him of the time he had killed 100 babies of a bird on a hunting expedition and the male bird had to watch all his babies getting slaughtered. Karma delivered its blow, making the justice almost poetic. However, Gandhari (wife of King Dhritarashtra) had done nothing to deserve this cruelty. In a fit of rage, Gandhari cursed Krishna: “To feel the pain I am feeling of having my sons being killed, Krishna will see the entire Yadava clan, die in front of His eyes and His kingdom will burn to the ashes. He and His brother will be left with no lineage to rule. All of Krishna’s sons will die in a massive fight that will happen in Dwarka. Krishna on the other hand will have no power to stop this war and will flee to the forest without any weapons. There in the forest, unarmed, He will be killed by a hunter and later, the entire city of Dwarka will sink into the sea. The remaining Yadavas, who survive the war will be suffering a lot because of chaos and facing all the above misery”. Krishna accepted this curse and 36 years after he moved his kingdom’s capital from Mathura to Dwarka, a war broke out between the Yadava clan and they destroyed each other. Krishna and Balarama fled to the forest and later Krishna’s foot was pierced by a hunter’s arrow who mistook it for a deer and Krishna left His mortal form. The moment Krishna left His form, the sea which had been beating against the shores of Dwarka, suddenly broke the boundary that was imposed upon it by nature. The sea rushed into the city. It coursed through the streets of the beautiful city. The sea covered everything. The mansion of Krishna sank and in a matter of minutes, it was all over. The sea had become as calm as it was before. There was no trace of the magnificent Dwarka. Dwarka was just a name, just a memory. Sounds a little farfetched? In that case, hold your breath and buckle up for a journey to the depths of the Arabian Sea.
Why is discovering Dwarka so crucial? For understanding that, let us see how Dwarka was built.
After successfully defending 18 attacks by Jarasandha on Mathura, Krishna knew that it was then time to shift His capital elsewhere if Mathura was to progress. The constant war took its toll on the city every time. Krishna along with the Yadava clan arrived on the coast of Saurashtra (western coast of the now Gujarat). He decided to build His capital there. He selected Vishwakarma, the best architect to plan this city. Vishwakarma reported that the land would not be enough, and he would need another 12 yojanas (around 100 miles) more. All this is noted in the Vishnu parva of the Harivamsa. Following are some of the original shlokas with its English translation.
कल्पितेयं मया भूमि: पश्वध्वंध देवसद्मवत् ।
नाम चासया: कृतं पुर्या: ख्यांति यदुपयास्यति ।।5।।
(Krishna said:) Look at this land selected by me. It is like heaven. I have also assigned a name for the city by which it will be famous.
इयं द्वारवती नाम पृथिव्यां निर्मिता मया ।
भविष्यवति पुरी रम्या शक्रस्येवामरावती ।।6।।
This city made by me on the earth, named Dvaravati (city with gates) will be marvelous like the city, amaravati of shakra (indra).
पुर्या: क्षिप्रं निवेशार्थं चिन्तमयामास माधव: ।
तस्य दैवोत्थता बुद्धिर्विमला क्षिप्रकारिणी ।।19।।
Madhava (Krishna) thought about quick construction of the city. Then a divine idea leading to quick construction occurred to Him.
पुर्या: प्रियकारी सा वै यदूनामभिवर्द्धिनी ।
शिल्पिमुख्यस्तु देवानां प्रजापतिसुत: प्रभु: ।।20।।
विश्विकर्मा स्वमत्या वै पुरीं संस्थापयिष्यति ।
The city, likely to fulfill all the yadava’s wishes and leading to their progress, shall be made by, the best architect of devas, the lord, son of prajaapati, vishvakarma, from of his mind.
मनसा समनुध्या य तस्याागमनकारणात् ।
त्रिदशाभिमुख: कृष्णोर विविक्ते् समपद्यत ।।21।।
For him (vishvakarma) to come, contemplating in his mind, Krishna stood alone facing the devas.
तस्मिन्नेमव तत: काले शिल्पा्चार्यो महामति: ।
विश्वनकर्मा सुरश्रेष्ठ : कृष्णास्यम प्रमुखे स्थित: ।।22।।
At that moment itself, the preceptor of architects, Visvakarma, the best among devas, having great intellect, stood before Krishna.
सर्वमेतत् करिष्यामि यत त्वयाभिहितं प्रभो ।
पुरी त्वियं जनस्यास्य न पर्याप्ता भविष्यति ।।32।।
(Vishvakarma said:) O lord! I will do all this as You wish. This area of city will be insufficient for your people.
समुद्र दश च द्वे च योजनानि जलाशये ।
प्रतिसंह्रियतामात्मा यद्यस्ति मयि मान्यता ।।36।।
(Krishna said:) O Ocean! Please leave (a place of) ten and two (twelve) yojanas (one yojana= 9 miles) in yourself if you respect me.
तत: कृष्णास्य वचनं श्रुत्वान नदनदीपति: ।
स मारुतेन योगेन उत्ससर्ज जलाशयम् ।।38।।
Hearing the words of Krishna, the lord of rivers, combined with the help of wind, left the place (occupied by) the water body.
तत: सा निर्मिता कान्ता पुरी द्वारावती तदा ।
मानसेन प्रयत्ने न वैष्णावी विश्वरकर्मणा ।।44।।
Then the beautiful city, the city of gates (Dvaravati) of Vishnu was marvelously made by Vishvakarma by his mental efforts.
And thus, Dwarka was created. It had special importance in Krishna’s kingdom. The land was full of flowering and fruit bearing trees. Poet Magha describes it as ‘Yellow glitter of the Golden fort of the city in the sea throwing yellow light all round looked as if the flames of fire had come out from under the sea’. Such was the grandeur of Dwarka.
A city with such wealth, technological advancements in the era of 3000 B.C.E is nothing short of a wonder. After Dwarka was submerged, all the information which might point to the technological advancements and information about Indian discoveries drowned with it. That is why exploring, discovering and studying the remains of Dwarka which have now been found underwater about 10 miles from the present coast of Gujarat is important. This can give us so much information and give insights towards the architecture from Krishna’s era itself. This is one of the biggest ancient discoveries that has been identified. It sure is the most compelling discovery, if not the biggest. Why hasn’t the re-discovery of Dwarka given less attention than the discovery of Troy by Heinrich Schliemann?
The first clear historical records dated 574 A.D. occurs in the Palitana states of Samanta Simhaditya. This inscription refers to Dwarka as capital of western coast of Saurashtra, and more importantly states that Sri Krishna lived there. One of the four Sankaracharya pithas is established there giving validation to the land sanctity claims. Hence, marine explorations were planned by the Archaeological Survey of India with the help of History and Archaeology Department of the MS University, Vadodara, Gujarat, India. A pioneer in this field is Dr. S. R. Rao formerly of the ASI and with the National Institute of Oceanography in Goa, India now. He has done considerable research and excavation work in Bet Dwarka region and has found remains of the original Dwarka under the sea. He and his team of divers found remains of the entire submerged city of Dwarka with rubble and masonry structures, several shell and pottery items and seals. Thermoluminescence dating of the pottery from the excavation is around 5540 years old. Identical pottery is also found in Bet Dwarka region. These also corroborate with Dr. Narhari Achar’s estimation of the Mahabharata war year. The research vessel Vedhavati arrived on 31st Dec. 1989 at Dwarka duly equipped with diving gear, echosounder, heavy compressor and airlift etc. For the next 3 days, Mr. Srinivas Bandodkar and his team of divers under supervision of Dr. Rao searched for and cleared the submerged structures of the ancient city exposed in earlier expeditions. New areas were explored, and the thick growth of vegetation removed. A stone structure, an overburden and a moon stone of a temple and two boundary walls were laid bare. Also, a bowl and some new pottery was discovered and sent for dating. Their dates matched the dates of the earlier pottery found. The sea became choppy and the currents strong from the 15th to 21st of the month of January. Boats started rolling. The crew of a dingy were thrown over board but no one was injured. Underwater exploration was suspended for 3 days and limited research was carried out. Taking advantage of the lowest low tide on 21st Jan, the Samudranarayan temple that was found submerged was surveyed and moon stone of a smaller temple was uncovered at a short distance of 30m seaward from there. Few iron rings fixed in bench at foot of the temple allowed ferries to run to and from through the channels. The harivamsa talks about Krishna asking for and getting land from the sea god. Taking land from a waterbody for construction. Sound familiar? This is the technique used in many places today from Dubai to Hawaii. It is called ‘Land Reclamation’. During excavations, specially placed boulders were observed. During land reclamation today, the same technique is used. Boulders are placed in strategic positions so that the land becomes available for construction.
The general layout described in the texts concurs with the discoveries of MAU. The total area is around 100 miles which roughly corroborates the 12 yojana space that Krishna had asked for to the sea god. Gateways to the city were laid bare. The prasada referred to in the epic must be the high fort walls of Dwarka. The epic says that flags were flying in the city of Dwarka. This was confirmed by the stone bases of flagposts found by the divers from Vedhavati. Every major antiquity or archaeological object found corroborates the statements of the Harivamsa. One of the interesting items found was a seal bearing the motif of a 3 headed animal representing a bull, an unicorn and a goat. Harivamsa says that every citizen had to carry the mudra as mark of identification of citizenship. The dating process yielded the date in the same era as that of the pottery. Dr. Rao said, “The discovery of legendary city of Dwarka which has been founded by Sri Krishna, is an important landmark in the history of India. It has set to rest the doubts expressed by historians about the very existence of Dwarka. It has greatly narrowed the gap in Indian history by establishing continuity of the written material”. The Mahabharata and Harivamsa describe the Dwarka in detail – from building it to the submergence. The description matches whatever the divers have found. Many people discredit this by saying archaeology and literature should not be correlated for proof. But then we would never have the much-celebrated story of Ancient Greece.
However, after these discoveries, the underwater excavations and research mysteriously stopped. There was a stay on all activities by the Government. Mr. Amish Shah of the ‘Ancient Explorations’ who lives in USA came to India to find out the reason behind this. He did a lot of interviews, tried to reach the original members of the ASI dive team, held meetings with the HOD of the MS University. No one could give a straight answer and almost all the people of the original team did not reply. The HOD of the University confirmed off camera that there was political pressure on them to discontinue the research and excavation. He did not provide details but Dr. Nauriyal and Dr. Krishnan of the ASI confirmed that manpower and funds were not a problem, but they had run into some problems. Dr. Richard Thompson has said publicly that he thinks the Western countries are building up pressure on the Govt. of India to discontinue the research as they were afraid that people may find technologically and archaeologically advanced sites which would discredit them of various ideas and innovations. Such is the state of Indian politics that even the then ruling party did not do anything and stopped the investigation. It has not been resumed since. There was also a demand of putting tubes underwater and converting it to an underwater museum for viewing the lost city. It is collecting dust in some government office. The literature promises many amazing things in Dwarka and most of what has been excavated provides authenticity to those texts. But the excavation has stopped. Let’s hope it gets started again now and then we uncover many other things and let India shine on the world in its true glory. The truth is a beautiful and a terrible thing. It should be treated with great caution. But the truth always comes out!
There has also been a lot of chatter about Krishna. Westerners believed that Krishna was our adaptation of Jesus. In 1762, Italian scholar P. Giorgi wrote, “Krishna is a corruption of the name of our savior, the deeds correspond wonderfully with the name though they may have been impiously and cunningly polluted by the most wicked imposters”. Albrecht Weber pointed out that Vedic concept of re-incarnation was borrowed from the idea that Jesus is the son of God. Dr. F. Lorinser translated Gita and instead of admiring it, compared it to the Holy Bible and concluded that it was inspired from the Bible. However, in the book ‘Indica’ which Megasthenes wrote 300 years before Christ, Krishna was mentioned as ‘Heracles’. Grammarian Patanjali wrote about Kansa’s slaying by Krishna in 2nd century B.C.E. Krishna was mentioned in Chanakya’s Arthashastra several times. Panini in 5th century B.C. talked about Vishnu worship. From Annie Wood Beasant’s ‘Discourses on Hindu avatars’ to Sister Nivedita- Margaret Noble’s ‘Grand personality that towers over Kurukshetra’, Westerners have also written many books on Krishna. Heliodorus who came to India as an ambassador erected a ‘Garuda Stambha’ or a pillar in honor of Krishna. He has written explicit details about Krishna in his memoirs and calls himself ‘a great Krishna devotee’. Every year many western bhakts join the ISKCON mission in search of Krishna. Many have moved to India for that. If we take everything into perspective, it can surely be concluded that Krishna is nowhere based on Jesus but an independent identity and surely pre-dates Jesus.
On the other hand, the Westerners did adopt something from Hindu literature. The fabled city of Atlantis was submerged under the sea and then found later. Plato wrote that Atlantis lies beyond the pillars of Hercules. Plato was Greek and in Greek literature, Megasthenes had already documented Krishna as ‘Heracles’. Hercules was derived from Heracles. So, what are the pillars of Krishna? The Dwarkadheesh temple which lies in today’s Dwarka, has 60 pillars and the idol of Krishna situated beyond it. And the original submerged Dwarka lies in that direction about 10 miles seaward. There is no other human settlement in that direction. So, when Plato talked about Atlantis lying beyond the pillars of Hercules, wasn’t he just talking about Dwarka lying beyond the pillars of Dwarkadheesh temple? He also wrote that a confederation of kings ruled in Atlantis and they had a supreme leader and that they had marvelous wealth and Atlantis was a city in gold. Sound familiar? This is the exact description of Dwarka found in Hindu literature. The confederation of kings was the Yadava clan with Krishna being their supreme leader. Also due to earthquake and flood, Atlantis was submerged and found later. When Krishna left his mortal form, there was a massive flood due to Gandhari’s curse and Dwarka was submerged. The scientific reason for the flood was an earthquake in the seabed. That’s not all, in the Bible during Genesis, there was a great flood. Noah saved everyone by taking them on to his boat, the Noah’s Ark. In Vedas, Gilgamesh, king of Uruk saves everyone by taking them onto his boat and fortifying the walls of his kingdom. The boat is described as नाओ meaning boat. When नाओ is written in English, it is written as Naoh. Rearrange that and you get Noah, who saved the people. Circumstantial? Maybe but still it fits in perfectly with everything. Besides the boat had to be gigantic to fit all the people inside. Only 1 shipyard was big enough and had the means of building such a ship in those days and that was Lothal which is near Uruk. Every piece of the puzzle fits. Everything points to something. Also, if you think ‘navigation’ is an original English word, you are mistaken. It is derived from the Sanskrit ‘navgati’ which means ‘to navigate’.
Krishna is a name of the original, unique Supreme Person, the source of all that exists. God has many names, and each describes a different aspect of His personality. Allah, Vishnu, Jehovah, and God refer to His greatness and His role as creator, maintainer of the universe, and Lord of all. Krishna is the embodiment of 3 principles: He is Aksita, meaning the indestructible. He is Achyuta, meaning the eternal one or the one who never falls, and He is Praan Samhita, meaning the very essence and flow of life. May Lord Krishna help us uncover the remaining mysteries of His beloved city! May He bless us all to always do the right things in life.
|| JAI SRI KRISHNA ||
Prof. K. Srinivas Raghavan found out major dates from Krishna’s life. They are provided just for reference.
Krishna’s birth: July 27th 3112 B.C.
Krishna reached Hastinapur: September 28th 3060 B.C.
Lunar eclipse at Pleiades: September 29th 3060B.C.
Krishna rides with Karna: October 8th 3060 B.C.
Solar eclipse: October 14th 3060 B.C.
Mahabharata war starts: November 22nd 3060 B.C.
Winter Solstice: January 13th 3066 B.C.
Bhishma expired: January 17th 3066 B.C.
Krishna left his mortal form: 3031 B.C.
I have researched many articles, videos and books to write this article. I won’t be able to write down the name of every article and every book I referred. Some of the main ones are listed below in case any one of you is interested in getting more information. No copyright infringement intended.
- Further excavations of submerged Dwarka City by Dr. S. R. Rao
- Legend of Dwarka by T. R. Gopalakrushnan
- Dwarka – The eternal city by Brinda Ramesh
- Vishnu parva in Harivamsa
- Bhagwad gita
- Chandyoga Upanishad
- The Hindu mind by Bansi Pandit
- Marine archaeology and study of past by Nanditha Krishnan
- History of the human race by Dr. Michael Cremo
- Ancient Explorers by Dr. Amish Shah
- The Krishna Key by Ashwin Sanghi
- Plato – Ancient Greece Mythology
- Dwarka – The Atlantis of the east by Amish Shah on Youtube
- Krishna – History or myth by Dr. Manish Pandit on Youtube
- Reports by the Archaeological Survey of India
Ever since mankind has existed, there has always been one goal or one purpose that everyone has. To leave an indelible mark in history. To have an impact so great, it will be spoken about for generations. In sports, only a few can achieve this feat. This feat separates the truly great from the ‘almost great’. These players are universally accepted as ‘legends’. Even if you support another team, you simply cannot hate them. Today, I am going to give my take on the 10 players who changed the game of basketball. This does not imply that these are the top 10 greatest players to play basketball. This list strictly talks about those players who have changed basketball. This is not a countdown; I will talk about players according to the era they played in. I will talk only about players who have played in the shot clock era post 1954.
Any list which talks about great players, cannot start without Bill Russell. Why? The winner of the coveted Most Valuable Player of the NBA finals is presented with the Bill Russell trophy. Yes, the finals MVP trophy is named after him. He has won the championship 11 times – including his first year in the league and his last year in the league and 9 in between. And we won all these rings in just 13 seasons – which means that he won the NBA 85% of the time he played. He was an excellent rebounder, and a shot blocker. Blocks were not recorded during his time, but if they were, he would certainly be right up there. He was enshrined in the Basketball Hall of Fame and in 2011, was presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by the then President Barack Obama. Many Hall of Famers have subsequently, chosen Bill to be on the stage with them when being inducted in the Hall of Fame, including a passionate vote of thanks by Shaquille O’Neal during his induction. The man who played basketball, while battling racism and who took the Celtics from an average team to multiple NBA champions, is right up there at the top of any list. Bill’s mentality can be seen by his quote – “The idea isn’t to block every shot, it is to make the opponent believe that you can block every shot.” Bill makes this list as he single-handedly turned around the Celtics franchise.
After talking about Bill, another name which automatically pops up is Bill’s rival-turned-friend Wilt Chamberlain. Wilt is the only man in NBA history to score 100 points in a single game. Nowadays, a team scoring 100 points is a pretty decent performance. Even the 2016-17 Warriors averaged 118 points per game. The most fascinating thing about that record is not the sheer number that he put up, but that he did that without scoring a single 3pt shot. He also holds the record for the most rebounds in a single game with 55. Wilt Chamberlain was the most dominant player to ever play this game. Not Shaq, but Wilt. Not Bill, but Wilt. Not Kareem Abdul Jabbar, but Wilt. You get the idea. He was such an unstoppable force that opposition players would hesitate before taking a shot when he would defend them. Wilt is the only player, because of whom the NBA had to change three rules. Wilt was such a bad free throw shooter (Yes, big men being bad at free throws is not a modern thing!), that during a free throw, he would throw the ball off the blackboard and jump to catch it himself and dunk it. This was unfair to all the other players, so the NBA made a new rule stating that the FT shooter cannot cross the foul line immediately after releasing the ball. Due to his physical dominance, the Philadelphia Warriors would often during a baseline out-of-bounds play would fling the ball over the blackboard and Wilt could catch the alley-oop and dunk it. This was subsequently banned by the NBA. The lane was widened from 12ft to 16ft, primarily to counter Wilt’s dominance. When the NBA makes three new rules to counter your dominance, you know you are the most dominant player. His later demise and predicaments, allegations and rumors aside, Wilt was a force to be reckoned with. Wilt changed the NBA and had three new rules made because of him.
Now is the time to talk about the all time leading scorer in the NBA. Kareem Abdul Jabbar. 38,387 points scored, 1560 games played, 57,446 minutes played, 15,837 field goals made, 28,307 field goal attempts, 3189 blocks, 9394 defensive rebounds, 1074 career wins and 4657 personal fouls. There have been so many legends that have played this game, including Michael Jordan, and Kareem Abdul Jabbar has outscored everyone. When playing college basketball, he would dunk the ball so often that NCAA forbid dunking in college basketball. He then developed the skyhook shot, and used this in the NBA so effectively to score. Never had anyone used the hook shot to such effect. After him, the hook shot is the most used shot by centers till date. If this is not changing the NBA, I don’t know what is! And yes, he has also received the President’s Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor.
Onto the next one. Magic Johnson. His real name was Earvin Johnson II but is known as Magic Johnson. Yes, his nickname is Magic. He is an integral part of the NBA. He was nicknamed Magic after a game in which he scored 36 points, 16 rebounds and 16 assists. All this in a single game. And the crowd was so stunned by the man’s game, that they didn’t know how to react. They were just speechless. It was as if they had seen Magic. Hence the name. 3 months after he announced that he would be retiring after the season because he had contracted AIDS, he played in an All-Star game which changed the NBA. It went down in history as the only basketball game to be called because of hugs. At the 1992 NBA All-Star Game, with 14 seconds remaining and the shot clock winding down, Earvin “Magic” Johnson hit a three-pointer to give the West a 153-113 lead over the East. Never was a basket more meaningless — and meaningful. Magic, playing in the home of the Magic (Orlando Magic), lit up the arena with his smile, both teams rushed to embrace him at half-court, and no one argued when the game ended with time left on the clock. “Ladies and gentlemen, you just can’t orchestrate it better than that,” announcer Dick Enberg said as his voice swelled, “but when you’re great, you deliver on cue.” 1992 was the year the USA had their ‘Dream Team’. And all those stars were playing in the same game. Drexler, Bird, Tim Hardaway, Chris Mullin, Michael Jordan, Isiah Thomas, Charles Barkley amongst others were the players on court. When you have a lineup like that, and when you see these guys racing to hug Johnson, you know that he has earned the nickname Magic. He used his ‘Magic’ and changed the Lakers franchise and the NBA as a whole.
Nobody that is mentioned above had a flair for shooting. They weren’t labelled as great shooters. This label was attached to Larry Bird. He brought shooting to the next level. A sharpshooter, by all standards. He was a member of the coveted 50-40-90 club which indicates 50% Field goal conversion, 40% 3pt conversion and 90% free throw conversion. He didn’t have his unique shot, didn’t have any other dominant aspect but could shoot the ball better than anyone. This really changed the dynamic of the teams that he played in and the NBA.
Now is the time to talk about the Greatest Ever to play this game. Michael Jordan. He was not just a player, he was a revolution. The only reason the NBA is so popular right now is Michael Jordan. He changed not just the NBA, but the basketball game as a whole. He did things that were deemed impossible. Before Mike, dunking was just a way to score points and assert dominance. But he made dunking an art form. A thing of seamless beauty. He could do everything. His technique was flawless, his game did not lack anything in any aspect. You name it – and Jordan is right up at the top of that list. Jordan was the human manifestation of winning. From winning two separate three-peats (winning the NBA championship for a consecutive three years), finishing with all the moves that existed, creating unique moves for himself, to flying in the air to dunk, to playing with a flu and outscoring opponents and just winning at whatever he did. He is the reason you watch basketball, he is the reason I watch basketball. Some people claim he is not human – and I support that claim. If I keep talking about him, I could easily fill 10 separate blogs. His mindset can be understood when, after the Bulls were missing shots, NJ took over and single handedly won the game. After the game, his coach told him “There is no I in teamwork”. Jordan replied with “There is an I in win”. This says everything about mike – Not that he wasn’t a team player, in fact one of the best passers, but his winning mentality is to be focused on here. As Allen Iverson so eloquently put during his Hall of Fame induction speech – “There would be no Hall of Famer Allen Iverson without this man. I wanted to be fast like Isiah, to be able to shoot like Bird, rebound like Barkley, pass like Magic, be dominant like Shaq, but man, I wanted to be like Mike.” Here, see for yourself.
And the huge ovation to that statement including Shaq’s grin told that everybody in the room had that feeling. And the crowd comprised of all the legends of basketball. When everyone that plays the game wants to be like you, you realize that you have changed not just the NBA, but the entire game of basketball. I just kept on writing. Bow down to His Airness!!
After quoting Iverson, it is time to talk about him. Allen ‘The Crossover’ Iverson. The crossover which is the move used the most in basketball, was made popular. He came from a neighborhood where most of the kids were addicted to drugs. He was saved from that life by his mentor. Iverson was originally a great American football player, but once he stepped onto the basketball court, there was no turning back. He would stay glued to his TV as a kid watching Michael Jordan dismantle entire teams. He worked hard, overcame his temptation to hang out with the wrong kids, and grinded his way to the NBA. He is the only player in NBA history to cross Michael Jordan over and drop a jumpshot on him. So, from watching MJ on TV to Crossing him over, Iverson’s journey has been amazing. He made all the kids in bad conditions, neighborhoods and circumstances believe in themselves. His greatest gift to the game was the crossover. That move changed the NBA and now, the crossover is used in almost every play by everyone.
Until this point, all the centers had the same physique as Wilt Chamberlain – Thin, Wiry and Tall. Shaquille O’Neal came and destroyed this traditional image. Here was a guy who was more than 7ft tall, not thin, but huge weighing 320pounds and was as successful as the other legendary centers, if not more. He is the second most dominant player to play the game, after Wilt. He built the entire Lakers dynasty with Kobe and took them to new heights. Years after the showtime Lakers, the franchise was winning NBA titles again. After he was traded to Miami, he won another championship there. He changed the perception of being a center. His dunks in college and NBA were so ferocious, that the glass backboard broke multiple times. They had to change the glass material so that it didn’t break when Shaq dunked. He is the only player who has ‘Broken Backboards’ as a part of his stat line.
The ninth player to change the league is The King. LeBron James. LeBron is in my opinion easily in the top 5 of the greatest ever players to play the game. He excels in every category. He has been consistently the greatest player on the planet for the last decade. At the rate he is going, he will break many records including the highest scorer of all time. His style of play is so hard to defend. When teams play against him, they have to make alternate plans to defend LeBron. He can dunk emphatically, lay it up, score mid-rangers and also shoot threes and has a long range and he does the chase down block so often and effectively that players are afraid to lay it up when LeBron is chasing them. He truly has changed the way people play the NBA and also how people plan to defend him. He is a beast in all categories. The nickname of being The King is as fitting as it could be.
Last but not the least is a player who has an amazing rivalry with the King. He has had the most effect on the NBA. Yes, I am talking about Wardell ‘Steph’ Stephen Curry II or most popularly known as Steph Curry. He is nowhere near the traditional NBA player physically. He was a 6’3’’ scrawny kid in college but had a unique style of play. After he exploded onto the NBA stage, he has changed the way everyone plays basketball. His ability to splash the net from anywhere on the court is something beautiful to witness. Nowadays, layups and threes are the only way people score. Midrange jumpshots look weird nowadays. Even kids in high schools practice only their three point shooting. Its like a wave has swept over the entire game. All the other NBA teams are taking nearly four times the 3pt attempts that they previously took. Steph is the poster boy of this revolution. I won’t go into how great he is in this article. I have already written another blog about him. But he has had the most change in the NBA. What an amazing player!
So, this closes my list of the top 10 people who changed the NBA. Again, this is not a chronological list (I don’t mean that the first is better than the second and so on), but a list of players who changed the game placed according to the era they played in from the oldest to the most recent.
Here are a few honorable mentions to the players who did change the NBA but didn’t make this top 10 list. Julius ‘Dr. J’ Irving, Patrick Ewing, David Robinson, Dennis Rodman, Charles Barkley, Reggie Miller, Ray Allen, Paul Pierce, Kevin Garnett, Dwayne Wade, John Stockton, Karl Malone and Kevin Durant. Most of you would be wondering why Kobe Bryant is not in this list and is not even in the mentions. This is because he did not CHANGE the league. Kobe is the second greatest player of all time to play this game after Michael Jordan. He is better than LeBron in my opinion (In the words of MJ himself, “There is something about five rings that beats three rings”). But he didn’t change the league. He was an re-incarnation of Jordan. Seeing him play rendered people speechless. But he did not have any original tricks up his sleeve. He did what MJ did. If you electronically alter the uniforms on MJ’s and Kobe’s tapes, you would not know who is who. Kobe was great, no doubt. But we had seen it before. We had seen a better version of it – It was called Michael Jordan. But it has been an honour and a privilege to have seen Kobe play for so many years. Here is a video which shows the similarity between Kobe and Jordan:
As a bonus, here is the video of the Hall of Fame enshrinement of the 1992 USA Dream team. Enjoy!
Last time, we saw the importance and the significance of the Shiva Lingam! This time, we are going to talk about another Hindu symbol which is as popular as the Shiva Lingam, if not more. Even European nations have adopted this symbol. It is the symbol which has the most controversy surrounding it. It is loved as much as it is hated. The Swastika.
The Swastika is not a random picture created out of shapes placed together. Neither is it an Aryan symbol. It is a pure Hindu religious symbol which was created during the Vedic times. There has been a big controversy regarding the origin of the Swastika. There have been claims that the Swastika originated in Buddhism or Jainism. There have been claims that it is an Aryan origin symbol. There have been some claims regarding its Western origin and that the Swastika is a variation of the Christian cross. However, Swastika predates all these cultures and religions by thousands of years and Hinduism is the only religion in the world to use the Swastika for 4000 to 5000 straight years. It found its way into Buddhism and Jainism and its importance started spreading around the world. Swastika is not just a symbol, it is an important concept in Hinduism. The name Swastika is derived from two Sanskrit words – ‘Su’, meaning ‘Good’ or ‘Well’ and ‘Asti’ meaning ‘Being’. So, the combination of Su and Asti gives Swasti and adding the causative noun ‘ka’ making it a whole word or phrase, gives us ‘Swastika’. So, Swastika literally means ‘Well Being’ and is used to evoke purity and auspiciousness at any religious festival. The story of Swastika is a unique one. It went from the most respected symbols to the most hated symbol in the blink of an eye.
Swastika was used by Hindu priests and people as a mark of fortune and well being for millennials. It is still visible on the premises of almost every temple, laid in intricate carvings, forged in metal or just drawn besides the temple as a form of ‘Rangoli’. It was the symbol that every child had learned to respect in India. And then the day dawned that changed everything. Heinrich Schliemann, a German who was looking for remnants of the fabled Troy, during his excavations in the Aryan sites, unearthed this symbol. He found it so many times during excavation that he concluded this must be the symbol of the Aryans. In the same period, Adolf Hitler came to power and all hell broke loose. To solidify his Nazi party, Hitler wanted to create a new flag which showcased the racial superiority of the Germans. He wanted a symbol that most defined the Aryans – the ancestors of the Germans who passed on their ‘racially superior and pure’ blood to the Germans. In line with Schliemann’s findings, Hitler decided to adopt the Swastika as the flag of the Nazis. He respected the original Swastika so much, that he rotated the Swastika and formed a ‘corollary’ of the original Swastika so that it would be distinct from the real one. But due to the horrors perpetrated by him, the world branded his flag and the Swastika in a negative tone and it has not changed ever since. A symbol which epitomized hope and happiness was reduced to a hated ‘Nazi logo’.
The law of duality caught up with the symbol. Everything that exists, must have an opposite dual, otherwise it ceases to exist. Everything has a dual. Creation-Destruction, Good-Bad, Light-Darkness, Heaven-Hell, Positive-Negative. Even Gods have Devils as their dual. For the good of the Swastika to exist, there always was the negativity which Hitler enhanced and brought to the forefront. The duals are always equal in magnitude so that they square each other off. Whatever is good must have bad in the same proportion. Such great was the positivity of the Swastika, that the negativity is still lasting, decades after Hitler was assassinated. In my opinion, it is time we took back our symbol and re-brandished it in it’s original glory.
The Swastika is not just a religious symbol. It has a lot of scientific base and importance. The symbol that we see today is a modification of the original symbol. Back in the day, the arms of the Swastika were not as straight, they had a curve as shown below.
The ancient Swastika had been a symbol with curved lines as shown. The geometric definition of this symbol is that it is a quartic plane curve representing the Cartesian equation y4 – x4 = xy. When it is plotted it looks something like this:
This graph has a special significance. It defines India. Just close your eyes for a moment and imagine a mountain where four rivers originate and flow outwards in four directions. How would that look like when viewed from the top? This exact curve. Consider the origin of the graph as the peak of the mountain where the rivers originate and flow outwards. India had four major rivers during Vedic times: Indus, Sutlej, Brahmaputra and Karnali. All of them originated from Kailash which was then within the Indian territory. This was the unique identity of India. And the Swastika symbol defines this very identity. This small symbol encompassed the entire identity of India. A lotus is drawn many times around the Swastika. This is because Kailash lies between six mountains, adorned by them as if it lies between six petals of the lotus. This lends further proof that the symbol relates to the Kailash. According to the Bible, the location of Eden is described in the Book of Genesis, chapter 2, verses 10–14: ‘A river flowed from Eden to water the garden, and from there it divided to make four streams’. Sound familiar? I do not need to describe what Eden refers to. The Swastika can also be interpreted as pointing to the Universe. 108 is the number that refers to the universe (I am going to focus on this in a future article). It is 1 symbol, which fits exactly in a circumcircle or a 0 and has 8 limbs.
If we draw a 3*3 magic square, all the rows and columns add to 15. That is the highest total that can be achieved. But if we add all the numbers in the 2 limbs of the superimposed Swastika, both the totals add up to 25.
The Swastika symbol is not random or chaotic, it is exactly the opposite. It is the symbol which forms order out of chaos. Ordo ab chao. Order out of chaos. A building in the US Navy HQ is built in shape of a Swastika because it is the most ordered form.
Most of the words when translated in any other language, especially from Sanskrit lose the meaning as these languages are meant only for a two-dimensional space. One of the keys in the Vedas and Dhyan is the ability to explain and go to a fourth state, or the Chaturiya avastha (Fourth state). The fourth state is also known as the Turiya avastha. The fourth state is beyond waking, sleeping and dreaming. The symbol of the Swastika is that of a four-dimensional cube, and is used extensively in Vedic mathematics.
The arms of Swastika have been also interpreted in various ways. The four arms pay homage to the sun depicting the four directions in which it spans its light. They depict the four-armed wheel defines the altering nature of the Universe with a fixed and stable center as God. They explain the four eras i.e. Satya yuga, Treta yuga, Dwapara yuga and Kali yuga. They represent the four varnas – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras. They define the four basic aims of human pursuit or Purusharthas – dharma (righteousness), artha (prosperity), kama (passion) and moksha (salvation). They describe the four Vedas – Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda, and Atharva Veda. They depict the four faces and four hands of Lord Brahma. They depict the four stages of life – Brahmacharya (student life), Grihastha (Household life), Vanaprastha (Retired life) and Sanyasa (Renounced life).
It is surprising to see that a symbol which is used in all Indian weddings and rituals, can mean torture and death to Jews. It is disheartening to see a symbol of purity seen as a symbol of genocide by the world. It is the human nature to latch onto negativity as soon as possible and never let it go. Let’s make a conscious effort to restore the original meaning of the Swastika. It would be nice if people after seeing the Swastika recognized it as a holy Indian symbol of purity instead of a Nazi symbol. When that happens, finally we can say that Adolf Hitler is well and truly defeated.
स्वस्ति न इन्द्रो वृद्धश्रवाः (May God Indra of Great fame bless us)
स्वस्ति नः पूषा विश्ववेदाः (May the Omnicient Poosha bless us)
स्वस्ति नस्ताक्षर्यो अरिष्टनेमिः (May the Protector Garuda bless us)
स्वस्ति नो ब्रुहस्पतिर्दधातु (May Lord Brihaspati protect us)
ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः (Om, Peace, Peace, Peace)
In the post Vedic times, there existed a period in which the remnants of the Vedic culture were mixed along with different sectarian religions and ideas. Arguably, the most important contribution of this time to Hindu culture is the conception of the ‘Trimurti’ – Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh. They symbolize the manifestations of The Supreme in three forms. Brahma- the creator, Vishnu – the preserver and Shiva – the destroyer. There is a reason Shiva is always associated with destruction; a scientific reason, which is being investigated right now. And in this part 2 of the series, I am going to share the results of my study on these findings with you. And yes, the implications of this are mind-blowing. Just relax and keep an open mind while reading is all I ask.
When I say Shiva is associated with destruction, it is not the ‘destruction’ that we understand from the dictionary. Shiva’s destruction is not negative. It is a positive, beneficial and constructive destruction which builds and transforms life and energy for the welfare of the world and the beings that inhabit it. He destroys whenever it is required to uphold the laws of nature. He is a destroyer of all evil things, our desires and ignorance, our worldly bondages and our bad karma – everything which is a hindrance in our path to God. When we make sufficient progress on our spiritual path, he even destroys our biggest fear – death itself.
Whenever we hear the name of Shiva, the first thing that comes to our mind is the ‘Shivalingam’. It is one of the most widely associated symbols with Shiva, other than maybe ‘Aum’. The Shivalingam is the physical manifestation of Shiva kept in the ‘gaabhaaraa’ or the sanctum sanctorum of Shiva temples. It is a round protruding cylindrical sculpture which is set on a circular base. The base represents Brahma, the middle octagonal part represents Vishnu and the upper cylindrical part represents Shiva. Most of the Shivalingas in temples are naturally formed.
There have been many interpretations of the Shivalingam shape. A few so-called ‘scholars’ have associated the shape of the Shivalingam to that of a phallus and have made some obscene connections. In today’s age, the enemies of truth and knowledge are not ignorance and false modesty, but are illusion of knowledge and the delusion of grandeur.
I will talk only about the scientific interpretation of the Shivalingam here and not the spiritual one, which is pretty fulfilling itself. Scientists have dubbed the Shivalingam ‘The ancient nuclear reactor’. Yes, a nuclear reactor. Geometrically speaking, the shape of the Shivalingam is the only shape that can withhold tremendous amount of energy. Every nuclear reactor in the world is shaped like that of a Shivalingam. Below is a photo of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) located in Mumbai, India and that of a Shivalingam.
All the nuclear reactors used currently have the same shape as that of a Shivalingam. This is the safest structure that can be built for a nuclear power plant and is the only shape which can contain the enormous amount of nuclear energy. The only nuclear plant that did not have this shape was at Chernobyl in Russia and hence, there was a malfunction and a gas leak which turned out to be one of the worst nuclear disasters in modern times. This is no co-incidence. When we try to outsmart nature, it teaches us a lesson. All the nuclear reactors have a cylindrical shape which have a spout like extension, just like the Shivalingam. Moreover, the shape of the St. Peter’s church located in Vatican City, the birthplace of Christianity, is shaped like the Shivalingam (shown below).
The Shivalingam needs a continuous ‘abhishek’ of water from a pot hanging over the cylindrical part. The cylindrical reactor of a nuclear power plant also needs a continuous supply of water to cool it down. Nuclear power plants, like Shivalingam are generally found near water bodies for this very reason. Most of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India are near a water body of some kind. The irradiated water is drained through pipes from the spout-like extension in the nuclear power plants. It is modelled after the fact that the water from the ‘abhishek’ gets drained through the grooves found on the spout-like extension on the Shivalingam. Scientifically, dissipation of energy in that manner is the most efficient way of energy dissipation possible. And that is why we do not drink water that is drained from the Shivalingam as ‘tirtha’, because it is irradiated with nuclear energy which is harmful for humans. Another popular tradition which is carried out strictly in Shiva temples is that no-one can complete the ‘pradakshina’ of the lingam. Only 3/4th pradakshina is permitted and as soon as we reach the spout, we turn back but we never cross it. If we cross the line of dissipation of nuclear energy, it is harmful for us. Another tradition that is followed by Hindus is offering of the ‘Bel’ leaves to the Shivalingam. Those leaves have radio-protective properties that is they absorb radiation. Hence, they are offered and kept on the cylindrical part of the Shivalingam. Mount Kailash, the abode of Shiva is also shaped like a Shivalingam and is also believed to be the biggest nuclear reactor. The ice cover acts as a coolant. When the ice melts, the water runs into a lake at the foot of Mount Kailash. Drinking water from that lake is also prohibited for the aforesaid reason.
Let’s check some evidences from beyond India. Robert Oppenheimer, the father of the nuclear bomb was given the task of building the first Nuclear bomb during World War II. He had visited India once and is believed to have taken a copy of the Bhagwad Gita with him. He is said to be inspired on the design of the nuclear bomb by studying the Vedas. On witnessing the first successful test of the atomic bomb, which he had helped to develop during his work with the Manhattan Project, Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer later said: “We knew the world would not be the same again. A few people laughed, a few people cried, most people were silent. I remembered the line from the Hindu scripture, the Bhagwad Gita. Vishnu is trying to persuade the Prince (Arjuna) that he should do his duty and to impress him, takes on his multi-armed form and says – Now, I am become death, the destroyer of the Worlds. I suppose we all thought that one way of the other.” This is a quote from the Chapter 11, specifically Verse 32 of the Bhagwad Gita where Lord Krishna tells Arjuna, “I am mighty Time, the source of destruction that comes forth to annihilate the worlds.” Oppenheimer was quoting the 1944 Prabhavananda and Isherwood translation of the Bhagavad Gita. When asked if he created the first nuclear bomb, Oppenheimer said that he had built the first nuclear bomb of this time.” He said ‘of this time’ because he knew that nuclear bombs pre-dated his discovery. This clearly indicates that nuclear bombs were used in Vedic times during war and that was what inspired Oppenheimer to build the modern nuclear bomb. And if nuclear bombs were in fact used, there must have been nuclear reactors to build those bombs. A slight trace of radioactivity is still detectable near a Shiva temple on the outskirts of Jodhpur. In fact, the ultimate weapon during ancient times, the Brahmastra must be essentially a nuclear bomb. The after-effects of the Brahmastra as told in the Gita are similar as the after-effects of the nuclear bomb. In Rig Veda, use of the nuclear bomb is described as follows: “A single projectile charged with all the power in the Universe…An incandescent column of smoke and flame as bright as 10,000 suns, rose in all its splendor…it was an unknown weapon, an iron thunderbolt, a gigantic messenger of death which reduced to ashes an entire race. The corpses were so burned as to be unrecognizable. Their hair and nails fell out, pottery broke without any apparent cause, and the birds turned white. After a few hours, all foodstuffs were infected. To escape from this fire, the soldiers threw themselves into the river.” The account purportedly or apparently describes the genocide/extinction of the Vrishni and Andakha “races”. This is the most apt description of a nuclear bomb till date.
There is another tradition which dictates that before worshipping the Shri yantra (a hindu symbol of worship), it should be touched to a Shivalingam. This makes sense now because ‘yantra’ literally means ‘machine’. All machines need energy to work. By touching the Shri yantra to Shivalingam, we essentially use the nuclear power of Shiva so that the machine works. It’s all scientific indeed!
Shiva has a natural power to generate nuclear energy. You must have heard the tale of the destruction that Shiva leaves when He opens His ‘third eye’. This is proof of the nuclear power generation capacity that is innate in Mahadeva!
What we believe is based on scientific principles. Belief and faith are two sides of the same coin. As Jim Carrey aptly puts it: “Belief helps us walk through fire, but faith helps us leap over it.” Hinduism does not oppose science. It does not even oppose other religions. Science is based on experimentation and observation and analysis of results. But Hinduism can explain things that science is just starting to understand. It is in a far more advanced state. It is rather unfortunate that the Truth of the great work done by the ancient Hindu sages are misinterpreted by some people. Nevertheless we are fortunate enough that the practices and literatures were left as a guide to us. It is a consolation that recent scientific discoveries have shown that the findings of the ancient Hindu sages were meaningful.
As I said during the introduction, Shiva destroys the ignorance of our minds and helps us see the light in darkness. I believe He had something to do with all of us realizing the points I mentioned above. He helped us realize His true potential. Let us pray that Lord Shiva keeps destroying all the negative things in our life and let Him guide us towards true enlightenment.
|| ॐ नमः शिवाय ||
PS: Here is a link to the video which shows the first successful nuclear test and Oppenheimer’s interview after that.
No copyright infringement is intended in any way.
Is Mahabharata a Fiction or Fact? Whether spiritual preaching has scientific base or is it just hearsay? This question has attracted a big debate over time. The debate is perhaps never ending. Through this series of blogs, I will be presenting my take on these topics, one by one. And in this journey, Lord Krishna features prominently. Before we start, let us bow down and pray to Him:
ॐ नमो भगवते वासुदेवाय
(I bow to Lord Krishna)
The word ‘Mythology’ is defined as “a collection of myths, especially one belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition.” This essentially means that a story is traditionally narrated by one generation to the next. Most of the so called “Scientific” population does not believe that these events happened. However, I am here to tell you that these events did occur. Even Wikipedia (a non-Indian organisation) describes it as an ‘epic poem’ which implies it did really occur. And yes, it can be scientifically proven. I’ll be doing just that over this series blogs. In this Part 1 of the 15 part blog, we will be talking exclusively about the Mahabharata. Sage Vyasa is the author of this particular work and it comprises of the story of the Kauravas and the Pandavas, the two clans’ race for the throne and also features the Bhagwad Gita pronounced by Lord Krishna. It holds the record for the longest poem written if we may take some liberty and call this divine work a ‘poem’. It is roughly about 10 times the length of the Iliad and the Odyssey combined, which are well known for their length. No amount of words would suffice the description of this great work so I’ll just dive into the evidences that I promised to share.
EVIDENCE 1: The time that the Kurukshetra war happened is articulated to be around 3067 BCE. Many people discard the authenticity by claiming that there is no reference to this date. In the Mahabharata, the day before the war started, Sage Vyasa met Dhritarashtra, the Kaurava king and persuaded him not to fight. He told the fiery Kaurava king that he had seen bad omina in the sky and that if he fought the war, there is no way he can win and it would only lead to the annihilation of the Kaurava dynasty. He explained to Dhritarashtra that he could not win by fighting on the side of ‘Adharma’. The bad omina seen by Sage Vyasa have been written in detail in the Mahabharata. These are: Conjunction of Saturn in Aldebaran (Rohini Nakshatra), Retrograde Mars in Antares (Jyeshtha Nakshatra), Lunar eclipses near Pleiades (The Seven Sisters).
A software which can reconstruct the skies of any given time was used by Dr. Narhari Achar and he traced out that so far the first omen has taken place about 137 number of times. But when we track combination of the first and the second omen, we find that there are only 17 such overlapping instances. And if we track combination of all three omina, we get only two such instances. Those are in 3067 BCE and 2683 BCE. And if we go according to Mahabharata, Bhishma decided to leave his body in the winter solstice. The date in 3067 BCE which had all three omina was in the winter solstice but the date in 2683 BCE wasnt in the winter solstice. Hence, we may eliminate 2683 BCE. Many people argue that the elimination of the other date is dependent on authenticity of the events of Death of Bhishma described in the Mahabharata. Hence, this method may be called ‘inconclusive’.
EVIDENCE 2: An ancient work in astronomy called ‘Surya Sidhanta’ laid the foundation for the Hindu and the Buddhist calendars. It says that Kaliyuga began on 20th Feb, 3101 BCE at midnight. Kaliyuga is the last of the four yugas that exist sequentially. The universe begins at Satyayuga, then comes Tretayuga, which is followed by Dwaparyuga and finally ends with Kaliyuga. It is narrated in Mahabharata that the event of Krishna leaving His mortal form is when Kaliyuga began. Thus Krishna left His body around 3040 BCE. The Mahabharata war was fought some years before this so we arrive again to the 3067 BCE time. Yes, I know this is again based on Indian scriptures. So lets take a look at ancient greek scriptures to find any conformity there.
EVIDENCE 3: Megasthenes was a Greek Ambassador at the court of Chandragupta Maurya. He travelled the length and breadth of India and wrote a travelogue. He wrote of a magical being which he referred to as ‘Heracles’ (derived from a name of Krishna – Hari). He also mentioned ‘Sourasenoi’ held ‘Heracles’ in the highest honour (Descendants of the Vasudev’s father Shurasena were called Shurasenoi and held Krishna in the highest honour). He also writes of their city, ‘Methora’ (Mathura). He wrote that Heracles existed about 138 generations before Alexander. Even if we consider an approximation that a generation is about 20 years, and the fact that Megasthenes wrote about Krishna in 307 BCE, 138 generations before him leads us to about 3060 BCE which confirms the time of Mahabharata.
In Bhagwad Gita, Lord Krishna tells us the prophecy of Kaliyuga. And it is eerily an exact description of the world today. This was written thousands of years ago! Moreover, all the places described in the Mahabharata are present even today and can be seen! The Mahabharata tells us of a flowing River Sarasawti which waned and vanished later. NASA and ISRO findings now prove that the river did flow in the designated area and that the Kurukshetra war was waged on the banks of it. Aadiparva, Adhyaya 62 mentions that the records of the Bharat-Dynasty are revealed in the Mahabharata. A number of dynasties with their long lineage of kings (more than 50 from Manu) have been presented in the work. If it were to be just a fiction, 4-5 kings would have sufficed to build the story on. Precise estimation of the date would not be possible because of times then! But all the evidences that I have shared above corroborate the date and events that took place then. As I write about other topics in further blogs, I will substantiate the relevant corroborations there! All the ancient texts of various parts of the world do point to the Mahabharata as it happened! People misunderstand the lack of exact evidence. Lack of evidence does not mean lack of existence. In 1610, there was no evidence that the Sun was in the centre of the Solar system and the Earth revolved around it. Copernicus was even jailed for citing it. Thereafter, as technology advanced, we were able to find a proof for it. So maybe we live in times that the technology available to us cannot prove it exactly but as we advance, one day we will get exact scientific proof. We are on the brink of discoveries folks and we will be discovering evidence of exact Mahabharata anytime!
PS: All the rights about the constellation theory and its evidence belong to Dr. Narahari Achar, Professor at University of Memphis. No rights claim is intended about anything in the article in any way.
Lately, being a Manchester United fan meant that you wouldn’t have much to brag about. After a long spell of success under Sir Alex, times had changed. Moyes’ plan did not work right away, adding to the misery, new players wouldn’t come. Louis Van Gaal seemed the right choice. His philosophy didn’t work though. The upside was that he attracted a lot of players. Good players. The German warhorse Bastian Schweinsteiger decided to join Utd and the lost enthusiasm returned. After a tacky campaign and a FA Cup win, he was ousted.
José Mourinho was appointed the manager of Man Utd. He had always enjoyed a rapport with Utd fans – some good some bad. All the images of José came glaring back – Him excitedly racing down the sideline at Old Trafford after Porto scored an away goal against Utd, his nonchalant demeanour when Ronaldo netted the winner for Real Madrid against the Reds, and his anger when Robin Van Persie scored the equaliser for Utd against his Chelsea. His story is also one to tell – A decade of success, everywhere he went. Then, the crumbling at Chelsea which got him fired for a second time at the club. Now, he is eyeing success again at Manchester United. José is most famous among the Red fans because of his confrontation with Messi, the main rival to the prolific Ronaldo, who is still the God here. That confrontation can be compared to when Rafael stood up to Tevez during the derby. So the stage was set for José to start rebuilding his winner image. The first thing he did was sign 4 players. And what signings they have turned out to be.
Eric Bailly was his first signing. The Valencia defender has been tormenting Premier League attackers with his towering presence. With 3 Man of the match awards in 6 games, he has announced his arrival loud and clear. The interceptions, the headers, the slides – he is perfecting everything, and as a defender, I know how an important role he is playing.
The second signing was the best ever. Zlatan Ibrahimović. The King of Sweden decided to go Red. The stats speak for themselves – Broken records during training, 3 goals in first 3 games, winner in the community shield and a charisma which he carries around himself. He has been the only player to start all games this season, barring probably only De Gea. Enthusiasm is reaching new heights and Utd raised 120 mil just by his shirt sales. His free signing had the desired effect. and to Zlatan I say, “Welcome Home.”
Henrikh Mkhitaryan followed Zlatan. The player who had the most assists and the most key passes in La Liga has shown what he is capable of.
The last signing wasnt the least though. It was a homecoming for Paul Labile Pogba. The Utd youth player rejoined the ranks for a second spell with the club.
Youth talent was promoted so that Rashford and Lingard played major roles.
The transfer season was awesome. It was time for the main season.
United started strongly. Zlatan grabbed the spotlight by scoring in his first 3 matches. They needed a boost against Hull city and Rashford provided it. After a dismal display against Man City, first blood went to Guardiola in the latest installment of the Guardiola-Jose rivalry. Europa league opener was literally an eye opener for Utd as they fell to Fayenoord. Another abysmal display against Watford left them 3 matches down in a span of 8 days. For the last match against the Champions Leicester, Jose dropped Rooney and the effect was magical. A fabulous win! Easily the best 45 minutes of football from United in recent years. Slick, fast flowing football full of confidence and goals galore. Been years since we had seen United destroy a team like that in the first half. Arguably Pogba’s best performance in a United shirt. The dab duo seem to link up well. Pogba dominated the game, got a brilliant goal and his link up play with Zlatan looks like it could be something special. All it took was a single decision to make. But as Rio said, This isnt the end of Rooney. He will play an important role.
So what are my thoughts? Firstly, the appointment of Jose was a master choice. Nobody knows more of how to win than Jose. And i still maintain my position that his teams are dismantled after some years, the immediate success is what is needed right now. Zlatan and Pogba can destroy any team if their styles match. Even City can be destroyed. Bailly is good. Mkhitaryan needs to explore and cement his role in the first team. And Rooney’s below average performance? In my opinion Rooney is not a player, he is a national institution, and has been ever since he broke into international stardom at the tender age of 16. He has been the focal point of his country’s landscape for almost 14 years now. He is the ‘Boy Wonder’ or the ‘White Pele’. During every international endeavour, the nation’s hopes are projected onto him and he is also the scapegoat who has been blamed every time Eng suffers a setback. He is a part of the furniture, a load-bearing wall. He cannot be relegated to the sidelines like this forever. He has a right to take some rest and give some respite to the legs wearied by servicing the club and country for exhausting years. So to those who say that he is over, think twice. Rooney maybe slower and less sharper than before but nobody but him has the right to lead the United side out of the tunnel wearing that Captain’s armband. Zlatan is at his best. Hererra and Mata show their class everytime. Lingard and Rashford are the perfect mix of youthful spirit and awesome skills. De Gea, our Spanish saviour looks as sharp in the goal. Fellaini looks like a player reborn and is playing pretty good. All in all, this team has the ability to challenge any team in Europe.
We should start believing in them a bit more. Every time we lose games, we shouldn’t abandon our team. We should stand behind them, proud as ever. Believing is the philosophy that Sir Alex brought here. We have been defying critics for over a century and we aren’t stopping now. The season looms ahead. Do not judge. Do not celebrate wins jubilantly and do not mourn the losses. Keep a calm focussed mind and most of all, believe in the team. Keep that Red flag flying high because Man United will never die. So just Keep Calm and watch what they do because, whoever comes challeging us are gonna get a lot from us, more than their expectations. Lets keep cheering for United! Best of luck for the remaining games to the team! Glory Glory Man United!